6. Equity Transactions
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
October 2017 Public Offering
On October 4, 2017, we consummated a public offering of 5,454,546 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 5,454,546 shares of common stock, for total gross proceeds of $6.0 million. The offering was priced at $1.10 per unit with each unit comprised of one share of common stock and one common stock purchase warrant. Neither the warrants nor the units are listed on an exchange and therefore do not trade. The warrants carry a five-year term with an exercise price of $1.10 per share. The net proceeds of the offering were $5,289,735. H.C. Wainwright & Co. acted as exclusive placement agent for the offering.
In December 2017, four investors that participated in the October 2017 Public Offering exercised 218,600 warrants for aggregate cash proceeds to us of $240,460 before expenses.
Common Stock Sales Agreement with H.C. Wainwright
On June 28, 2016, we entered into a Common Stock Sales Agreement (the “Agreement”) with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (“H.C. Wainwright”) which establishes an at-the-market equity program pursuant to which we may offer and sell shares of our common stock from time to time as set forth in the Agreement. The Agreement provides for the sale of shares of our common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $12,500,000 (the “Shares”).
Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Agreement, H.C. Wainwright will use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices to sell the Shares from time to time, based upon our instructions. We have provided H.C. Wainwright with customary indemnification rights, and H.C. Wainwright will be entitled to a commission at a fixed rate equal to three percent (3.0%) of the gross proceeds per Share sold. In addition, we have agreed to pay certain expenses incurred by H.C. Wainwright in connection with the Agreement, including up to $50,000 of the fees and disbursements of their counsel. The Agreement will terminate upon the sale of all of the Shares under the Agreement unless terminated earlier by either party as permitted under the Agreement (see Note 14).
Sales of the Shares, if any, under the Agreement shall be made in transactions that are deemed to be “at the market offerings” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act, including sales made by means of ordinary brokers’ transactions, including on the Nasdaq Capital Market, at market prices or as otherwise agreed with H.C. Wainwright. We have no obligation to sell any of the Shares, and, at any time, we may suspend offers under the Agreement or terminate the Agreement.
In July 2016, we commenced sales of common stock under our Common Stock Sales Agreement with H.C. Wainwright. In the six months ended September 30, 2017, we raised aggregate net proceeds of $1,650,314 (net of $51,157 in commissions to H.C. Wainwright and $3,750 in other offering expenses) under this agreement through the sale of 601,504 shares at an average price of $2.74 per share of net proceeds.
In connection with our October 2017 Public Offering (see above), we agreed to restrict our ability to use the ATM facility for a 90 day period immediately post-closing.
Restricted Shares Issued for Services
During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, we issued 15,000 shares of restricted common stock at a price of $2.24 per share, the market price at time of issuance, in payment for investor relations consulting services valued at $33,600 based on the grant date closing market price of our common stock.
Share for Warrant Exchanges
During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, we agreed with two individual investors to exchange 11,497 restricted shares for the cancellation of 22,993 warrants and we entered into an Exchange Agreement with two institutional investors under which we issued 57,844 restricted shares in exchange for the cancellation of 77,125 warrants held by those investors. We also agreed with those institutional investors that they would extend the expiration dates of convertible notes held by those investors from July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2019 in exchange for the reduction of the conversion price of those notes from $4.00 per share to $3.00 per share (see Note 5).
Additionally, we entered into an agreement with a former placement agent to issue 5,500 restricted shares in exchange for the cancellation of 11,000 warrants held by that placement agent. We measured the fair value of the shares issued and the fair value of the warrants exchanged for those shares and recorded losses for each of those exchanges based on the changes in fair value between the instruments exchanged. Based upon the fair value of the shares issued and warrants exchanged, we recorded a loss of $130,214 during the nine months ended December 31, 2017 for all of the above share for warrant exchanges.
Stock Option Issuances
During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, we issued options to four of our employees to purchase 34,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.68 per share, the closing price on the date of the approval of the option grants by our compensation committee (see Note 9).
Termination of Restricted Share Grant
During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, we terminated a previously recorded but unissued share issuance of 68,000 shares under a fully vested restricted stock grant to our CEO and issued to him 32,674 shares as a net settlement of shares and the Company paid the withholding taxes associated with that share issuance in return for the cancellation of 35,326 shares. The compensation cost of that restricted stock grant had been fully recorded over prior fiscal years, therefore no expense was recorded regarding this net issuance.
Restricted Stock Unit Grants to Directors and Executive Officers
On August 9, 2016, our Board of Directors granted RSUs to certain of our officers and directors and effective November 7, 2017, 127,659 additional RSUs were granted to our directors pursuant to the 2012 Non-Employee Directors Compensation Program. The RSUs represent the right to be issued on a future date shares of our common stock for vested RSUs.
During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, 138,375 vested RSUs held by our executives were exchanged into the same number of shares of our common stock. As our executives elected to net settle a portion of their RSU’s in exchange for the Company paying the related withholding taxes on the share issuance, 71,081 of the RSUs were cancelled and we issued a net 67,294 shares to our executives (see Note 9).
During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, 63,829 RSUs held by our outside directors were exchanged into the same number of shares of our common stock. As one of our three outside directors elected to return 40% of his RSUs in exchange for cash in order to pay his withholding taxes on the share issuances, 10,638 of the RSUs were cancelled and we paid $12,127 in cash to that outside director (see Note 9).
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef